Hapsatou for Senegal’s Health

Teacher, leader, entrepreneur: One extraordinary woman takes on malnutrition

A healthy start in life begins with healthy food.

But not every child gets the nutrients they need for their brains and bodies to fully develop. And when they don’t, the damage can be irreversible.

For decades, children in the village of Sylla Diongto in northeastern Senegal have been smaller than they should be. Many struggle in school. Some will never realize their full potential. This vicious cycle of poverty and malnutrition is repeated across sub-Saharan Africa and throughout Senegal. Even though it boasts an abundance of fertile soil, Senegal still imports over two-thirds of its rice, the country’s primary food.

If rural Senegalese were empowered to grow and eat better crops, would the cycle stop? Would children have a chance for a healthy future?

Hapsatou Kah thinks so.

She is a housewife and a mother. She lives with her husband and four children on a compound in Sylla Diongto that they share with more than 50 relatives.

In their rural village, poverty abounds and malnutrition is too common. In these respects, there isn’t anything uncommon about Hapsatou. And yet, she is extraordinary. She’s an expert in agriculture, runs a livestock program and is improving the health and economic prospects of her community in myriad ways.

Someone to lead

When a USAID program came to Sylla Diongto in 2012, they asked the community to nominate a leader—someone who could show them how to plant healthier and more diverse vegetables, share recipes for new nutritious meals and teach good hygiene skills, all with the goal of keeping children healthy.

The villagers put their faith in Hapsatou, who saw children around her suffering. “Despite the fact that we did a lot of farming, it didn’t have much impact on the children’s health. They were always weaker than they should be,” she says.

Now all that is changing.

Empowered with training and support from USAID, Hapsatou plays many roles—teacher, adviser, role model and entrepreneur—to put her community on the path to better health.

Hapsatou is a mother.

She wakes up at dawn, prays, sweeps the house, bathes and nurses her baby, and cooks breakfast. Then her day begins.

Hapsatou is a farmer.

She shows villagers new planting techniques, makes fertilizer and provides seeds for them to grow more nutritious food, such as sweet potatoes.

“Sweet potatoes are full of vitamin A,” she explains about the crop she now grows in her own garden and encourages others to plant. “A lack of vitamin A impedes a child’s ability to grow up healthy. Vitamin A also helps women stay healthy while pregnant and give birth to healthy babies.”

Hapsatou is a livestock manager.

Hapsatou helps the community’s most vulnerable families generate income by teaching them to raise sheep.

As part of the program, a family receives three sheep and, later, when the sheep reproduce, pays it forward by giving three lambs to another needy family. The program spreads opportunity throughout the community: milk, meat and income multiply.

Hapsatou visits homes to make sure sheep are tagged and properly vaccinated. She believes that the program creates solidarity among poor families.

Hapsatou is an entrepreneur.

She shows the community how to grow nutritious foods and prepares fortified flour and dried beans and meats, which she sells to her neighbors.

“I can make money with these activities but that’s not what’s really important. What the community gains from the work is much more important,” she says.

Hapsatou is a teacher.

She leads two educational groups, one for children and another for mothers. Through both, she empowers community members with health and wellness knowledge.

For the mothers, this means emphasizing the importance of regular pregnancy checkups, proper handwashing, and a hygienic cooking space. In some classes, women share worries, advice and wisdom.

“We advise pregnant women on how they should take care of themselves, what they should eat, and the importance of prenatal medical visits,” she explains.

Hapsatou also imparts healthy habits to local children.

She shows them how to wash their hands and teaches them about the foods they can eat to grow up strong.

“If the children grow up with good habits, they retain them for the rest of their lives,” Hapsatou explains.

Her lessons are transforming lives. At one point, the village had over 50 cases of malnutrition. Now, says Hapsatou, “It’s nearly nonexistent.” “If you look at the children today, they don’t look the same. They are more lively, physically active, and alert,” she says.

The expansion of abundance

In the local language of Sylla Diongto, Senegal, the word Yaajeende means “the expansion of abundance.” In a place rife with poverty and undernutrition, Yaajeende is a word full of promise, strength and hope.

In her role as mother, teacher and leader, Hapsatou is the bringer of Yaajeende. She wears many hats—as a wife, farmer, livestock handler, and entrepreneur—but has a single goal: to see her community thrive.

“The best part of my job,” she says, “is helping people in difficulty to solve their problems. I’m not going to stop working.”

About this story

Despite significant progress in the last decade, Senegal continues to struggle with poverty and undernutrition. Up to a quarter of the country’s children are stunted and its farmers struggle to feed its population.

However, research shows that, on average, agricultural growth is at least twice as effective in reducing poverty compared to growth in other sectors. With this in mind, the U.S. Government launched the Feed the Future initiative in 2010 to help promote agriculture-driven economic growth and nutrition in countries like Senegal.

The USAID-funded Feed the Future Yaajeende program works with community entrepreneurs like Hapsatou to create businesses around nutritious food, animals and agricultural tools. Trained entrepreneurs make a living through the sale and promotion of nutritional products, and at the same time, educate their communities on nutrition and health.

Over the eight years of this program, which is led by NCBA-CLUSA, with Counterpart International implementing the nutrition component, more than 1 million people in rural communities throughout Senegal will experience better food security and nutrition.

Photos and video by Morgana Wingard for USAID